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This page gives an introduction to the process of multiplication, and explains what exactly we are
doing when we multiply numbers.

Multiplication involving whole numbers, is really a certain form of __ addition__.

The symbol for multiplication is a standard cross

2 multiplied by  2 looks like: =>

Another way to describe a multiplication sum is with the word "times",

so **2** × **2** can be called **2** TIMES **2**.

Let's consider the number **3**.

We could add

This is what the multiplication

Adding

Like with addition, this multiplication works both ways, regardless of order.

So not only does

Because

A handy way to think about how to do multiplication is with groups of boxes.

Multiplication of a number by **0** always produces the same answer, **0**.

If we think in terms of a group of boxes again, with multiplication being a form of addition.

Any size of group added together **0** times, means that no adding up has really been done, and
we are just left with **0**.

Multiplication of a number by **1** is also very simple, it just results in the same number.

You have whatever size of group you already have, but only **1** time.

Multiplying a single digit number by **10** is something that is quite straightforward also,
following a pattern.

Often a multiplication chart can be a handy way of learning and remembering multiplications.

Below is a multiplication chart showing all multiplications between numbers from **1** up to
**10**.

How the chart works, is that the numbers in the pink boxes on the top and at the side, are the
numbers being multiplied together.

If you're at **4** on the top row, and move down  3 places to line up with **3**
in the left column, you are at the box with the number **12**.

Which is the answer to the sum **3** × **4**.

This is the same set up with all other pink box numbers in the multiplication chart.

More information on multiplication and multiplication sums can be seen at the timestables.co.uk
website, linked to below.

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